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Peas
Peas digest well and are widely consumed as a variety of foods with a pleasant taste and high nutritional value.

Flour and chopped wheat from pea grains are used as an important concentrated feed, 1 kg of which contains 1.17 fodder units and 180-240 g of digestible protein.
Interesting facts
01
The science of genetics and peas have a common history Austrian biologist Johann Mendel conducted experiments on this plant for a long time and studied it, thanks to these studies he managed to discover heredity and genetics was created.
Interesting facts
02
The seed peas are the same as those used everywhere for food, almost all over the world can grow up to two meters high.
Interesting facts
03
It is not known when people began to cultivate it, scientists have established that it was known in ancient India.
Technical Specifications
In Ukraine, peas are grown in all zones, most of all in the forest-steppe (55% of the total area), steppe (25%), and the rest in Polisya. Obtaining sustainable yields is evidence of the great potential of farms in the country to further increase the average yields of this crop.
Yellow peas
Green peas
Technical Requirements
  • Peas are divided into the types presented in Table 1 according to their botanical characteristics, color and shape of seeds.

  • Peas containing an admixture of peas of the second type or subtype more than the standards specified in Table 1, defined as "mixture of types" or "mixture of subtypes" with the indication of the type composition in percentage.

  • Peas are divided into three classes depending on quality indicators. Quality requirements for each class of peas are given in Table 2. The class of peas is determined by the characteristics and standards given in Table 2.

  • Peas must be healthy, not dried and without heat damage during drying; have a normal smell characteristic of a healthy grain (no stale, malty, moldy, extraneous odors), and color characteristic of a healthy grain of the appropriate type.

  • Grade 1 and 2 peas are used for processing into groats, while Grade 3 peas are used for feed purposes.

  • If pea seeds do not meet the quality standards for at least one of the indicators, they are transferred to a lower class.

  • At the request of grain stores and other business entities, the volatility of grain and the amount of grain, mixed grain, in the mountain is allowed to exceed the limit standards for the possibility of bringing such grain to the indicators of quality given in Tables 2 and 3

  • Quality requirements for peas supplied to the canning industry are presented in Table 3.
Medium-growing specimens are characterized by strong branching and early maturity. Vegetation takes place in about 80-90 days. The seeds contained in the beans of 2 pieces have a light beige color. All varieties of this species are resistant to lodging, diseases such as root rot, etc. of fungal origin, as well as drought and dry winds.

The fruits are excellent for garnishes, boiling and frying.
* Peas that are prepared for export must be healthy, have a normal odor and color, be free of grain pests. Quality requirements for peas for other indicators are specified in the contract between the supplier and the buyer of grain.
Type number and name
Indicative list of varieties characterizing types and subtypes
Номер подтипа
Seed impurities of the second type and subtype, %,
not more than
Seed color
1
Yellow in various shades (with cotyledons showing through the seed coat)
Total 7.0, including type II 1.0p
Agrarian, Agat, Shareholder, Berkut, Vinnichanin, Damir 1, Damir 2, Damir 3, Damir 4, Grant, Intensive 92, Comet, Krasnogradsky 8, Lotto, Lulinetsky short stem, Partner, Non-falling 1, Nord, Reliable, Tenant, Orlov Poltavets 2, Svityaz, Vostok, Truzhenik, Kharkiv 29, Kharkiv 85, Kharkiv 317, Kharkiv 376, Kharkiv 320, Kharkiv 302, Kharkiv Amber
І — Food
2
Green in various shades (with cotyledons showing through the seed coat)
Total 7.0, including type II 1.0
Talovets 60, Vladovsky 10
Plain, brown, brown, brown, purple, black (light and dark shades) or mottled with marbled and dotted pattern (with an opaque seed coat)
Diapers, Talovets 50, Grapis
II — Stern
Table 1 — Distribution of peas into types
Index
Characteristics and norms for peas by class
2
1
3
Type
Humidity, %, no more than
I type, 1st or 2nd subtypes
15,0
I type, 1st or 2nd subtypes
15,0
1st and 2nd types, mixture of types and subtypes
15,0
Grain admixture, %, not more than
3,0
5,0
15,0
In particular:
sprouted grains
1,0
3,0
5,0
pea seeds damaged by pea weevil and (or) leaf roll
1,0
1,0
Within grain impurity
Small seeds, %, not more than
2,5
5,0
Not limited
Estimated admixture, %, not more than
1,0
4,0
8,0
In particular:
spoiled pea seeds
0,4
2,0
2,5
mineral admixture
0,3
0,3
1,0
in particular pebbles
0,1
0,1
0,5
harmful impurity
0,2
0,2
1,0
In particular:
Pest infestation
Not allowed
Not allowed, except for tick infestation not higher than I degree
horns
0,1
0,1
0,1
heliotrope pubescent
Not allowed
trichodesma hoary
Same
Table 2 — Pea Requirements
Index
Norm for peas
Type
Humidity, %, no more than
In particular:
Type I, 1st and 2nd subtypes
A mixture of types and subtypes is not allowed
14,0
Grain admixture, %, not more than
2,0
in particular seeds damaged by pea weevil and (or) leaf roll
0,5
in damaged seeds, the presence of live beetles or their larvae
Not allowed
Estimated admixture, %, not more than
0,5
harmful impurity
Not allowed
mineral admixture
0,1
In particular, pebbles, slag, ore
Not allowed
Pest infestation
Same
Table 3 — Pea quality requirements supplying the canning industry
Green peas differ from yellow peas not only in color, but also in taste. Since they are harvested unripe, green peas are much sweeter.

Like yellow peas, green peas are rich in protein. They also contain large amounts of folic acid (which helps humans better absorb proteins), phosphorus, potassium, iron, and other minerals.
Technical Requirements
  • Peas are divided into the types presented in Table 1 according to their botanical characteristics, color and shape of seeds.

  • Peas containing an admixture of peas of the second type or subtype more than the standards specified in Table 1, defined as "mixture of types" or "mixture of subtypes" with the indication of the type composition in percentage.

  • Peas are divided into three classes depending on quality indicators. Quality requirements for each class of peas are given in Table 2. The class of peas is determined by the characteristics and standards given in Table 2.

  • Peas must be healthy, not dried and without heat damage during drying; have a normal smell characteristic of a healthy grain (no stale, malty, moldy, extraneous odors), and color characteristic of a healthy grain of the appropriate type.

  • Grade 1 and 2 peas are used for processing into groats, while Grade 3 peas are used for feed purposes.

  • If pea seeds do not meet the quality standards for at least one of the indicators, they are transferred to a lower class.

  • At the request of grain stores and other business entities, the volatility of grain and the amount of grain, mixed grain, in the mountain is allowed to exceed the limit standards for the possibility of bringing such grain to the indicators of quality given in Tables 2 and 3

  • Quality requirements for peas supplied to the canning industry are presented in Table 3.
* Peas that are prepared for export must be healthy, have a normal odor and color, be free of grain pests. Quality requirements for peas for other indicators are specified in the contract between the supplier and the buyer of grain.
Type number and name
Indicative list of varieties characterizing types and subtypes
Номер подтипа
Seed impurities of the second type and subtype, %,
not more than
Seed color
1
Yellow in various shades (with cotyledons showing through the seed coat)
Total 7.0, including type II 1.0p
Agrarian, Agat, Shareholder, Berkut, Vinnichanin, Damir 1, Damir 2, Damir 3, Damir 4, Grant, Intensive 92, Comet, Krasnogradsky 8, Lotto, Lulinetsky short stem, Partner, Non-falling 1, Nord, Reliable, Tenant, Orlov Poltavets 2, Svityaz, Vostok, Truzhenik, Kharkiv 29, Kharkiv 85, Kharkiv 317, Kharkiv 376, Kharkiv 320, Kharkiv 302, Kharkiv Amber
І — Food
2
Green in various shades (with cotyledons showing through the seed coat)
Total 7.0, including type II 1.0
Talovets 60, Vladovsky 10
Plain, brown, brown, brown, purple, black (light and dark shades) or mottled with marbled and dotted pattern (with an opaque seed coat)
Diapers, Talovets 50, Grapis
II — Stern
Table 1 — Distribution of peas into types
Index
Characteristics and norms for peas by class
2
1
3
Type
Humidity, %, no more than
I type, 1st or 2nd subtypes
15,0
I type, 1st or 2nd subtypes
15,0
1st and 2nd types, mixture of types and subtypes
15,0
Grain admixture, %, not more than
3,0
5,0
15,0
In particular:
sprouted grains
1,0
3,0
5,0
pea seeds damaged by pea weevil and (or) leaf roll
1,0
1,0
Within grain impurity
Small seeds, %, not more than
2,5
5,0
Not limited
Estimated admixture, %, not more than
1,0
4,0
8,0
In particular:
spoiled pea seeds
0,4
2,0
2,5
mineral admixture
0,3
0,3
1,0
in particular pebbles
0,1
0,1
0,5
harmful impurity
0,2
0,2
1,0
In particular:
Pest infestation
Not allowed
Not allowed, except for tick infestation not higher than I degree
horns
0,1
0,1
0,1
heliotrope pubescent
Not allowed
trichodesma hoary
Same
Table 2 — Pea Requirements
Index
Norm for peas
Type
Humidity, %, no more than
In particular:
Type I, 1st and 2nd subtypes
A mixture of types and subtypes is not allowed
14,0
Grain admixture, %, not more than
2,0
in particular seeds damaged by pea weevil and (or) leaf roll
0,5
in damaged seeds, the presence of live beetles or their larvae
Not allowed
Estimated admixture, %, not more than
0,5
harmful impurity
Not allowed
mineral admixture
0,1
In particular, pebbles, slag, ore
Not allowed
Pest infestation
Same
Table 3 — Pea quality requirements supplying the canning industry
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