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BArley
Barley grain, as well as wheat grain and similar crops, belongs to the cereal family.

Barley and wheat occupy the first positions in the popularity of cereal crops in our country.

Barley is used as a food, technical and fodder crop.
Interesting facts
01
Annually grow about 141 million tons of barley in the world, which cover 46.9 million hectares.
Interesting facts
02
Among all cereals, plants are endowed with the shortest growing season of approximately 60-120 days. For this reason, the main areas of this plant are located high in the mountains or northern regions of the area.
Interesting facts
03
In folk medicine, barley grains help to cope with inflammatory diseases of the stomach and intestines as a prophylactic for the gastrointestinal tract.
TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Barley grain has many useful properties, as it contains extremely valuable components: vitamin A, B, D, minerals (iodine, manganese, copper, iron, calcium, etc.), fiber, carbohydrates, protein. Having familiarized ourselves with a similar list of useful components contained in barley grain, we can say with confidence that this crop is simply a source of all useful and vital elements.
Common barley
Malting barley
TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
  • Barley must be healthy, without self-heating and heat damage during drying; have a normal smell inherent in healthy grain (without musty, malty, moldy, foreign odors), normal color inherent in healthy grain of this class; pest infestation of grain stocks is not allowed, except for tick infestation not higher than 1 degree.

  • Malting barley is divided into 2 classes depending on its characteristics in accordance with the requirements indicated in the table.

  • If the quality standards of barley do not meet at least one of the indicators, it is transferred to the lower class.

  • By agreement of the procurement organization and the supplier, grain moisture content and the content of impurities in barley are higher than the maximum norms for the possibility of bringing such grain by the procurement organization to the conditions indicated in the table.
Common barley is very rich in vitamins and healthy substances. The grain of this plant contains about 16% proteins, up to 75% carbohydrates, almost 10% fiber, 3.5% fat, as well as vitamins B, D, E, enzymes, carotene and ash compounds. Barley grain is needed for the preparation of flour, cereal products (pearl and barley groats).
* Barley prepared for export must be healthy, free from pests of grain stocks, have a normal smell and color, and meet the requirements set out in the table. Requirements for the quality of barley for other indicators are established in the agreement (contract) between the supplier and the buyer.
Index
Color
Humidity, %, no more
Requirements for barley grain, which is used
for food purposes
for the production of malt in alcohol production
for feed purposes
1 class
3 class
2 class
Yellow with different shades
Peculiar to healthy grain. Darkened allowed
Light yellow or yellow
Light yellow, yellow or greyish yellow
14,5
15,5
15,5
14,5
15,0
Nature, g/l, not less
Weight of 1000 grains, g, not less than
600
570
Not limited
Not regulated
Not regulated
40,0
38,0
Mass fraction of protein, in terms of absolutely dry matter %, no more
Not regulated
11,0
11,5
including:
Estimated admixture, %, no more
2,0
3,0
5,0
1,0
2,0
mineral admixture
0,3
0,5
1,0
0,5
0,5
including:
pebble
0,1
0,1
0,5
0,1
0,1
slag and ore
0,05
0,05
0,1
0,05
0,05
spoiled grains
0,2
At the borders of the norms of the common house
wild oats
1,0
Same
cockle
0,3
0,3
0,5
0,3
0,3
fusarium grains
1.0
1.0
1.0
Not allowed
harmful impurity
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
including:
horns and smut
0,1
0,1
0,1
0,1
0,1
creeping mustard, multi-colored tie, lanceolate thermopsis. fenugreek booze, sophora foxtail (total)
0,05
Within the limits of the total content of harmful impurities
heliotrope pubescent and hoary trichodesma
Not allowed
Grain admixture, %, no more
7,0
3,0
15,0
2,0
5,0
including:
barley grains classified as grain impurities
2,0
Within the norm of the total content of grain impurities
sprouted
2,0
Same
grains and seeds of other cultivated plants classified as grain impurities
3,0
»
including:
grains of rye and oats
0,5
»
Fine grains, %, no more
5,0
5,0
Not limited
5,0
7,0
Size, %, not less
Not regulated
85,0
70,0
Ability to germinate, %, not less (for grain delivered no earlier than 45 days after harvesting)
Not regulated
92,0
Not regulated
95,0
92,0
Viability, %, not less (for grain delivered earlier than 45 days after harvest)
Not regulated
92,0
Not regulated
95,0
92,0
Pest infestation
Not allowed, except for tick infestation not higher than 1 degree
Note 1. Size - the ratio of the mass of barley grains - the residue on a sieve with oblong holes measuring 2.5 mm x 20 mm (canvas No. 2a - 25 x 20 according to TU 5.897-111722 (i) to the mass of the main grain.

Note 2. The recommended quality requirements for malting barley in terms of: extractivity, %, not less than: for class 1 - 79.0, class 2 - 77.0, are established in the agreement (contract) between the supplier and the buyer.
for brewing
1 class
2 class
TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
  • Barley must be healthy, without self-heating and heat damage during drying; have a normal smell inherent in healthy grain (without musty, malty, moldy, foreign odors), normal color inherent in healthy grain of this class; pest infestation of grain stocks is not allowed, except for tick infestation not higher than 1 degree.

  • Malting barley is divided into 2 classes depending on its characteristics in accordance with the requirements indicated in the table.

  • If the quality standards of barley do not meet at least one of the indicators, it is transferred to the lower class.

  • By agreement of the procurement organization and the supplier, grain moisture content and the content of impurities in barley are higher than the maximum norms for the possibility of bringing such grain by the procurement organization to the conditions indicated in the table.
Malting barley is not a special crop, but a form of processing of barley that allows obtaining grain with desired characteristics. The main difference between malting barley and regular barley is the protein content of the grain. According to GOST, it should be no more than 12%.
* Barley prepared for export must be healthy, free from pests of grain stocks, have a normal smell and color, and meet the requirements set out in the table. Requirements for the quality of barley for other indicators are established in the agreement (contract) between the supplier and the buyer.
Index
Color
Humidity, %, no more
Requirements for barley grain, which is used
for food purposes
for the production of malt in alcohol production
for feed purposes
1 class
3 class
2 class
Yellow with different shades
Peculiar to healthy grain. Darkened allowed
Light yellow or yellow
Light yellow, yellow or greyish yellow
14,5
15,5
15,5
14,5
15,0
Nature, g/l, not less
Weight of 1000 grains, g, not less than
600
570
Not limited
Not regulated
Not regulated
40,0
38,0
Mass fraction of protein, in terms of absolutely dry matter %, no more
Not regulated
11,0
11,5
including:
Estimated admixture, %, no more
2,0
3,0
5,0
1,0
2,0
mineral admixture
0,3
0,5
1,0
0,5
0,5
including:
pebble
0,1
0,1
0,5
0,1
0,1
slag and ore
0,05
0,05
0,1
0,05
0,05
spoiled grains
0,2
At the borders of the norms of the common house
wild oats
1,0
Same
cockle
0,3
0,3
0,5
0,3
0,3
fusarium grains
1.0
1.0
1.0
Not allowed
harmful impurity
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
including:
horns and smut
0,1
0,1
0,1
0,1
0,1
creeping mustard, multi-colored tie, lanceolate thermopsis. fenugreek booze, sophora foxtail (total)
0,05
Within the limits of the total content of harmful impurities
heliotrope pubescent and hoary trichodesma
Not allowed
Grain admixture, %, no more
7,0
3,0
15,0
2,0
5,0
including:
barley grains classified as grain impurities
2,0
Within the norm of the total content of grain impurities
sprouted
2,0
Same
grains and seeds of other cultivated plants classified as grain impurities
3,0
»
including:
grains of rye and oats
0,5
»
Fine grains, %, no more
5,0
5,0
Not limited
5,0
7,0
Size, %, not less
Not regulated
85,0
70,0
Ability to germinate, %, not less (for grain delivered no earlier than 45 days after harvesting)
Not regulated
92,0
Not regulated
95,0
92,0
Viability, %, not less (for grain delivered earlier than 45 days after harvest)
Not regulated
92,0
Not regulated
95,0
92,0
Pest infestation
Not allowed, except for tick infestation not higher than 1 degree
Note 1. Size - the ratio of the mass of barley grains - the residue on a sieve with oblong holes measuring 2.5 mm x 20 mm (canvas No. 2a - 25 x 20 according to TU 5.897-111722 (i) to the mass of the main grain.

Note 2. The recommended quality requirements for malting barley in terms of: extractivity, %, not less than: for class 1 - 79.0, class 2 - 77.0, are established in the agreement (contract) between the supplier and the buyer.
for brewing
1 class
2 class
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