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Rapeseed
Rapeseed is a very common oilseed crop (especially in the right-bank forest-steppe).

Rapeseeds contain 48-52% oil, which is used in paint and varnish, soap, food (margarine) and other industries.

Winter rapeseed is also grown for green fodder, and cake (after steaming) is fed to livestock. Rapeseed is effectively used to make biofuels.
Interesting facts
01
Components released from rapeseed have applications in the cosmetic industry for the production of soaps, anti-aging creams and moisturizing lotions.
Interesting facts
02
Two types of resin are extracted from rapeseed, which is used in the production of second-grade ink.
Interesting facts
03
Rapeseed is not found in the wild in nature; it was obtained from crossing cabbage from colza (therefore, rapeseed belongs to the cabbage family).
SPECIFICATIONS
Winter rapeseed among the oilseeds of cabbage families ranks first in terms of oil content, its seeds contain 48-52%, protein - 16-29%, fiber - 6-7%, carbohydrates - 17%.
Winter rapeseed
Spring rapeseed
GENERAL TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
  • Name the packaging that is prepared and supplied, depending on the mass parts of erucic acids and glucosinolates, they are divided into three classes separately from table 1.

  • Seeds of rapsakuchen are recognized: of the highest class - for food purposes; Class I - for food purposes in industrial processing; Class II - for technical purposes.

  • The base rates established by these mailings for use in packages that are prepared and shipped are shown in Table 2.

  • The generalized norms for filling the prepared package are indicated in table 3.

  • Restrictive norms for rapeseed supplied for industrial processing are indicated in tables 4.

  • The saturation of rapeseed, recognized for harvesting and deliveries, may be unobtrusive, in a healthy person, have the color and smell inherent in the normal sense of smell of rapeseed (without musty, moldy and off-flavours).

  • The capacity of pesticides, toxic elements and mycotoxins in a pack is not indicated in the rechecking allowable levels established by the MBTiSN No. 5061 [1] and DSanPiN 8.8.1.2.3.4-000 [2], tabs in Table 5.
Winter rapeseed is rightly called the “first money” of agrarians. In the vast majority of cases, the crop of this crop is sold immediately after harvesting. That is why the economic component of farms directly depends on the effective cultivation of winter rapeseed.
* Requirements for quality indicators of exported rape seeds are established in the agreement (contract) between the supplier and the buyer.
Seed class
Glucosinolates, µmol/g, no more than
in seeds
Mass fraction of erucic acid in oil,%,
not more than*
in meal
Высший
І
1,5
5,0
20,0
45,0
34,0
75,0
ІІ
* in dry matter.
Do not ration
Table 1 — Classification of rape seeds
Index name
Control method
Norm
Humidity, %
Garbage admixture, %
1,5
Not allowed
According to DSTU 4811 DSTU ISO 10565
According to GOST 10854
Oil impurity, %
Oil content, %*
1,5
Not allowed
According to GOST 10854
According to DSTU ISO 10565, GOST 10857
Pest infestation
Not allowed
According to GOST 10853
* in dry matter.
Table 2 — Basic rates for rapeseed harvested and supplied
Index name
Control method
Norm
not more than
not less than
15,0
6,0
According to DSTU 4811, DSTU ISO 10565
According to DSTU 4811, DSTU ISO 10565
Garbage admixture, %, not more than
In particular, castor oil seeds
5
Not allowed
According to GOST 10854
According to GOST 10854
Oil impurity, %, not more than
10,0
According to GOST 10854
Humidity, %:
Acid number of oil in seeds, mg KOH/g, no more than
3,5
According to DSTU ISO 729, GOST 10858
Pest infestation
Not allowed, except for mite infestation
According to GOST 10853
Note 1. By agreement between the consumer and the supplier, the moisture content and the content of garbage impurities in rapeseed seeds are allowed to exceed the limiting norms if it is possible for the consumer to bring such seeds to the norms provided in table 3.

Note 2. It is permissible for rapeseed seed suppliers to supply them directly to industrial processing with the acid value of the oil in the seeds according to table 4.
Table 3 — Limiting norms for harvested rape seeds.
Index name
Control method
Norm
not more than
not less than
6,0
8,0
According to DSTU 4811, DSTU ISO 10565
According to DSTU 4811, DSTU ISO 10565
Garbage admixture, %, not more than
In particular, castor oil seeds
3
Not allowed
According to GOST 10854
According to GOST 10854
Oil impurity, %, not more than
5,0
According to GOST 10854
Humidity, %:
Acid number of oil in seeds, mg KOH/g, no more than
5,0
According to DSTU ISO 729, GOST 10858
Pest infestation
Note 1. By agreement between the consumer and the supplier, the moisture content and the content of garbage impurities in rapeseed seeds are allowed to exceed the limiting norms if it is possible for the consumer to bring such seeds to the norms provided in table 3.

Note 2. It is permissible for rapeseed seed suppliers to supply them directly to industrial processing with the acid value of the oil in the seeds according to table 4.
Table 4 — Restrictive norms for rapeseed supplied for industrial processing
Not allowed, except for tick infestation not higher than II degree
According to GOST 10853
Index name
Control method
Предельно допустимые уровни, мг/кг, не более
lead
aflatoxin B1
1,0
0,005
According to GOST 26932, GOST 30178
According to DSTU EN 12955, MR 2273 [3], MU 4082 [4]
zearalenone
T-2 toxin
1,0
0,1
According to GOST 28001, MP 2964 [5]
According to GOST 28001, MU 3184 [6]
deoxynivalenol
1,0
According to MU 5177 [7], MP 3940 [8]
Toxic elements:
Table 5 — Permissible levels of toxic elements, mycotoxins, pesticides in rape seeds
Mycotoxins:
HCCH gamma isomer
0,4
According to DSTU EN 1528-1, DSTU ISO 14181, GOST 13496.20
DDT
0,1
According to DSTU EN 1528-1, DSTU ISO 14181, GOST 13496.20
Pesticides:
heptachlor
0,1
According to DSTU EN 1528-1, DSTU ISO 14181, GOST 13496.20
GENERAL TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
  • Name the packaging that is prepared and supplied, depending on the mass parts of erucic acids and glucosinolates, they are divided into three classes separately from table 1.

  • Seeds of rapsakuchen are recognized: of the highest class - for food purposes; Class I - for food purposes in industrial processing; Class II - for technical purposes.

  • The base rates established by these mailings for use in packages that are prepared and shipped are shown in Table 2.

  • The generalized norms for filling the prepared package are indicated in table 3.

  • Restrictive norms for rapeseed supplied for industrial processing are indicated in tables 4.

  • The saturation of rapeseed, recognized for harvesting and deliveries, may be unobtrusive, in a healthy person, have the color and smell inherent in the normal sense of smell of rapeseed (without musty, moldy and off-flavours).

  • The capacity of pesticides, toxic elements and mycotoxins in a pack is not indicated in the rechecking allowable levels established by the MBTiSN No. 5061 [1] and DSanPiN 8.8.1.2.3.4-000 [2], tabs in Table 5.
Spring rapeseed among the oilseeds of the cabbage family ranks first in terms of oil content, its seeds contain 35-45% of slightly drying oil (iodine number 101), protein - 20-26%, fiber - 6-7%, carbohydrates - 17-18% . Oil from spring rapeseed has excellent nutritional qualities, and is also widely used in various sectors of the national economy.

Rapeseed oil is consumed in its natural form, and it is the best raw material for the production of sandwich oil, margarine, mayonnaise, spices, and confectionery.
* Requirements for quality indicators of exported rape seeds are established in the agreement (contract) between the supplier and the buyer.
Seed class
Glucosinolates, µmol/g, no more than
in seeds
Mass fraction of erucic acid in oil,%,
not more than*
in meal
Высший
І
1,5
5,0
20,0
45,0
34,0
75,0
ІІ
* in dry matter.
Do not ration
Table 1 — Classification of rape seeds
Index name
Control method
Norm
Humidity, %
Garbage admixture, %
1,5
Not allowed
According to DSTU 4811 DSTU ISO 10565
According to GOST 10854
Oil impurity, %
Oil content, %*
1,5
Not allowed
According to GOST 10854
According to DSTU ISO 10565, GOST 10857
Pest infestation
Not allowed
According to GOST 10853
* in dry matter.
Table 2 — Basic rates for rapeseed harvested and supplied
Index name
Control method
Norm
not more than
not less than
15,0
6,0
According to DSTU 4811, DSTU ISO 10565
According to DSTU 4811, DSTU ISO 10565
Garbage admixture, %, not more than
In particular, castor oil seeds
5
Not allowed
According to GOST 10854
According to GOST 10854
Oil impurity, %, not more than
10,0
According to GOST 10854
Humidity, %:
Acid number of oil in seeds, mg KOH/g, no more than
3,5
According to DSTU ISO 729, GOST 10858
Pest infestation
Not allowed, except for mite infestation
According to GOST 10853
Note 1. By agreement between the consumer and the supplier, the moisture content and the content of garbage impurities in rapeseed seeds are allowed to exceed the limiting norms if it is possible for the consumer to bring such seeds to the norms provided in table 3.

Note 2. It is permissible for rapeseed seed suppliers to supply them directly to industrial processing with the acid value of the oil in the seeds according to table 4.
Table 3 — Limiting norms for harvested rape seeds.
Index name
Control method
Norm
not more than
not less than
6,0
8,0
According to DSTU 4811, DSTU ISO 10565
According to DSTU 4811, DSTU ISO 10565
Garbage admixture, %, not more than
In particular, castor oil seeds
3
Not allowed
According to GOST 10854
According to GOST 10854
Oil impurity, %, not more than
5,0
According to GOST 10854
Humidity, %:
Acid number of oil in seeds, mg KOH/g, no more than
5,0
According to DSTU ISO 729, GOST 10858
Pest infestation
Note 1. By agreement between the consumer and the supplier, the moisture content and the content of garbage impurities in rapeseed seeds are allowed to exceed the limiting norms if it is possible for the consumer to bring such seeds to the norms provided in table 3.

Note 2. It is permissible for rapeseed seed suppliers to supply them directly to industrial processing with the acid value of the oil in the seeds according to table 4.
Table 4 — Restrictive norms for rapeseed supplied for industrial processing
Not allowed, except for tick infestation not higher than II degree
According to GOST 10853
Index name
Control method
Предельно допустимые уровни, мг/кг, не более
lead
aflatoxin B1
1,0
0,005
According to GOST 26932, GOST 30178
According to DSTU EN 12955, MR 2273 [3], MU 4082 [4]
zearalenone
T-2 toxin
1,0
0,1
According to GOST 28001, MP 2964 [5]
According to GOST 28001, MU 3184 [6]
deoxynivalenol
1,0
According to MU 5177 [7], MP 3940 [8]
Toxic elements:
Table 5 — Permissible levels of toxic elements, mycotoxins, pesticides in rape seeds
Mycotoxins:
HCCH gamma isomer
0,4
According to DSTU EN 1528-1, DSTU ISO 14181, GOST 13496.20
DDT
0,1
According to DSTU EN 1528-1, DSTU ISO 14181, GOST 13496.20
Pesticides:
heptachlor
0,1
According to DSTU EN 1528-1, DSTU ISO 14181, GOST 13496.20
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